Champa Plant: Details and best care

Champa Plant: Details and best care
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Image Source: Renesis / CC BY-SA (Image cropped)

Champa plants are one of the most commonly grown ornamental flowering trees. They are famous for their pleasant-smelling flowers of multiple colors. Champa Plants require very little care and maintenance and they can survive in varied climatic conditions with very little care. They add beauty to the area and the large canopy provides shade.

Quick Details of Champa Plant

Other Common NamesPlumeria rubra, Champa, Frangipani,
TypeOutdoor flowering ornamental plant
MaintenanceLow
FloweringSpring- summer
LightBright direct sunlight or partial shade
WaterRegular watering
TemperatureWarm humid conditions
SoilWell draining nutrient-rich soil
FertilizerAny house plant fertilizer, cow dung powder, compost
HabitatSubtropical regions of Asia, America
ToxicityThe sap can act as a skin irritant to a few.
Common DiseasesMostly resistant to diseases and pests
Scientific namePlumeria spp.

Champa Plant Buying Instructions

  • Buy a healthy plant with a strong stem.
  • Go for the plant which is having multiple branches.
  • Champa comes in multiple varieties so select the plant of your choice.
  • Do not immediately re-pot the plant after purchasing. Replant it at least after 10 days after bringing it home.

Overview of Champa Plant

They are evergreen or deciduous plants or trees belonging to the family Apocynaceae. They are native to the tropical regions of Mexico, Central America, and Polynesia. There are almost 300 species in the genus. They are noted for their pleasant and sweetly fragrant flowers which are mostly white in color and they can grow quite tall when in their natural habitat. The leaves are oval, leathery, greening in color. The bark is mostly gray in color.

Special features of Champa Plant:

  • The essential oil is used as an astringent, to cure headache, reduce stress, acts as a stimulant helping maintain the circulatory and nervous system.
  • The Champa oil acts as an antioxidant. The infusion from the flower is used in the cosmetic industry.
  • In Mexico, it was used in treating diabetes.
  • Bark and other parts of the plants are used in treating fever,  diarrhea, skin complaints, dropsy, gonorrhea.
  • In Myanmar it is used in treating leprosy, boils.
  • The latex was used to cure toothache. It was also used to reduce menstrual pain.
  • The bark was used in healing wounds.
  • The sap is used to reduce the inflammation caused due to bee stings, wasps, etc.
  • The leaf is wrapped like a cigarette and inhaled as a cure for asthma.

Usage and Advantage of Champa Plant

  • Grown as an ornamental plant.
  • This is an easy to care plant and can survive for very long time without much efforts.

General Care for Champa Plant

Soil type for Champa Plant:

They prefer a well draining nutrient rich soil. A mix consisting of sand and soil works best.

Water needs for Champa Plant:

The requirement of water for Champa depends up on the climatic conditions. They require a lot of water. in warmer regions, when placed under direct sunlight, water the plants regularly. In a cold or humid conditions, check for the moisture content of the soil before watering them. Over watering can lead to root rot.

Sunlight requirement for Champa Plant:

The plants prefer bright direct sunlight. They need at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight for proper growth. They also grow under partial shade.

Temperature needs for Champa Plant:

They prefer warm humid climatic conditions. The plants can tolerate certain amount of heat. They are not resistant to cold conditions. Therefore, in regions with extreme winters, shift the plants indoors.

Special Care for Champa Plant:

The plants do not require much care. Prune the tips of the plants to promote growth and branching. This also helps in more flowering. Prune the tips ones the flowers fall.

Fertilization needs for Champa Plant:

The plants grown in pots require frequent feeding to let it flower. Fertilize the plants ones in 15 days. A nitrogen rich fertilizer can be used. Any organic fertilizer, vermicompost or cow dung can also be used. Feed the plants throughout spring to summer.

Pests and other problems for Champa Plant

They resistant to most of the pests and pathogens. Very rarely they get attacked by pests. Some of the pests that attack green paradise plants are white flies and spider mites. The plants can be sprayed with a mild soap solution or a pesticide. Neem oil solution can also be used.

Propagation of Champa Plant

The propagation is mostly done through stem cuttings. Any sized cutting can be used for propagation. Leave the cuttings to dry for 3-5 days, this helps in developing callus. Planting the cuttings that has developed callous increases the rate of root formation. In some cases the root formation might get delayed to few weeks or even months. Do not discard the cuttings. The development of roots take when the conditions are right.

Question and Answer

Is the Champa plant good for home?

There are multiple varieties of the Champa plant which can be grown in a home garden, outside of your home and on the terrace. They are considered auspicious and provide a special fragrance to the home. Flowers add beauty to the garden. Based on the variety Champa flowers are Pink, White, Green and Yellow. There is another variety of the Champa which is known as Naag Champa, this also can be grown easily at home in-ground as well as in pots.

What is the Champa plant called in English?

Champa is known as Plumeria in English. English speakers mostly know the Champa plant as Plumeria. It is also known as Frangipani in most English countries.

How to grow the Champa plant?

Champa plants can be grown from the cutting. The rainy season is the best time to grow Champa cutting. The Champa plant required full sunlight to grow. Champa plants can be grown on the ground and in pots. If grown in a pot, please use a big pot so that the plant can grow long. Keep feeding plants with quality compost and manure especially if grown in pots.

How do you take care of Champa flowers?

Champa plant care is very easy. For Champa plant care we need to follow some basic practices such as:

  • If growing in pots, we need to regularly provide manure and compost to the plant.
  • Hard prune the plant at least once a year. This will help the plant to get bushier.
  • If grown on the ground, we need to ensure the plant is getting sufficient sunlight.
  • Even if we are growing plants on the ground, we can provide manure and compost to the plant.
  • Champa plants require full sunlight for at least 5-6 hours in a day.
  • Properly water the plant as per the season. The Thumb rule, water the plant once the top 2 inches of soil gets dry.
  • Prune the tip of the plant for better growth. Make sure you are not pinching the flower buds.

How many types of Champa flowers are there?

There are dozens of varieties of Champa flowers. They are different based on the leaf arrangement and shape. Also, the Champa plant can be differentiated by different colours of flowers.

  • Champa plant with Red flowers
  • Champa plant with Pink flowers
  • Champa plant with White flowers
  • Champa plant with Green flowers
  • Champa plant with Yellow flowers
  • Naag Champa with White flowers
  • Plumeria Rubra Hybrid

Why is Champa not flowering?

  • Do not overwater and have well-draining soil
  • At least provide 6 hours of direct sunlight
  • Normally we should provide manure and cow dung compost in the month before the start of summer. It will help in the overall growth of the plant.
  • Still, if flowers are not coming in the Champa plant, the reason can be low phosphorus in the soil. An adequate quantity of phosphorus is required for better flowering in Champa plants of any variety. To meet this need we can provide a mixture of 4-gram Bone meal, 2-gram Red potash and 4-gram Seaweed granules. Dig a circular area around the plant but at least four inches from the stem of the plant. Pour the mixture into the dug area and cover the fertilizer with soil again. Water the plant well and your problem with Chapa, not flowering should be eliminated.
  • Banana peel liquid manure can also be an alternative to the above fertilizer. 

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