Champa Plant: Details and best care

Champa Plant: Details and best care
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Image Source: Renesis / CC BY-SA (Image cropped)

Champa plants are one of the most commonly grown ornamental flowering trees. They are famous for their pleasant smelling white flowers. They require very little care and maintenance. They can survive in varied climatic conditions and with very little care. They add beauty to the area and the large canopy provides shade.

Quick Details of Champa Plant

Other Common NamesPlumeria rubra, Champa, Frangipani,
TypeOutdoor flowering ornamental plant
MaintenanceLow
FloweringSpring- summer
LightBright direct sunlight or partial shade
WaterRegular watering
TemperatureWarm humid conditions
SoilWell draining nutrient rich soil
FertilizerAny house plant fertilizer, cow dung powder, compost
HabitatSubtropical regions of Asia, America
ToxicityThe sap can act as a skin irritant to few.
Common DiseasesMostly resistant to diseases and pests
Scientific namePlumeria spp.

Champa Plant Buying Instructions

  • Buy a healthy plant with strong stem.
  • Go for the plant which is having multiple branches.
  • Champa comes in multiple varieties so select the plant of your choice.
  • Do not immediately re pot the plant after purchasing. Replant it at least after 10 days from bringing home.

Overview of Champa Plant

They are evergreen or deciduous plants or trees belonging to the family Apocynaceae. They are native to the tropical regions of Mexico, central America and Polynesia. There are almost 300 species in the genus. They are noted for their pleasant and sweet fragrant flowers which are mostly white in colour. They can grow quite tall when in natural habitat. The leaves are oval, leathery, greening colour. The bark are mostly gray in colour.

Special features of Champa Plant:

  • The essential oil is used as an astringent, to cure head ache, reduce stress, acts as a stimulant helping maintain circulatory and nervous system.
  • The Champa oil acts as an antioxidant. The infusion from the flower is used in cosmetic industry.
  • In Mexico, it was used in treating diabetes.
  • Bark and other parts of the plants are used in treating fever,  diarrhea , skin complaints, dropsy, gonorrhea.
  • In Mayanmar it is used in treating leprosy, boils.
  • The latex was used to cure toothache. It was also used to reduce menstrual pain.
  • The bark was used in healing wounds.
  • The sap is used to reduce the inflammation caused due to bee stings, wasps etc.
  • The leaf is wrapped like a cigarette and inhaled as a cure for asthma.

Usage and Advantage of Champa Plant

  • Grown as an ornamental plant.
  • This is an easy to care plant and can survive for very long time without much efforts.

General Care for Champa Plant

Soil type for Champa Plant:

They prefer a well draining nutrient rich soil. A mix consisting of sand and soil works best.

Water needs for Champa Plant:

The amount of water required by the plant basically depends up on the climatic conditions. They require a lot of water. in warmer regions, when placed under direct sunlight, water the plants regularly. In a cold or humid conditions, check for the moisture content of the soil before watering them. Over watering can lead to root rot.

Sunlight requirement for Champa Plant:

The plants prefer bright direct sunlight. They need at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight for proper growth. They also grow under partial shade.

Temperature needs for Champa Plant:

They prefer warm humid climatic conditions. The plants can tolerate certain amount of heat. They are not resistant to cold conditions. Therefore, in regions with extreme winters, shift the plants indoors.

Special Care for Champa Plant:

The plants do not require much care. Prune the tips of the plants to promote growth and branching. This also helps in more flowering. Prune the tips ones the flowers fall.

Fertilization needs for Champa Plant:

The plants grown in pots require frequent feeding to let it flower. Fertilize the plants ones in 15 days. A nitrogen rich fertilizer can be used. Any organic fertilizer, vermicompost or cow dung can also be used. Feed the plants throughout spring to summer.

Pests and other problems for Champa Plant

They resistant to most of the pests and pathogens. Very rarely they get attacked by pests. Some of the pests that attack green paradise plants are white flies and spider mites. The plants can be sprayed with a mild soap solution or a pesticide. Neem oil solution can also be used.

Propagation of Champa Plant

The propagation is mostly done through stem cuttings. Any sized cutting can be used for propagation. Leave the cuttings to dry for 3-5 days, this helps in developing callus. Planting the cuttings that has developed callous increases the rate of root formation. In some cases the root formation might get delayed to few weeks or even months. Do not discard the cuttings. The development of roots take when the conditions are right.

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