Brinjal Plant Care: Easy to Grow Tasty Vegetable Plant
Brinjal or eggplant one of the popular vegetable used most part of the world. It is an easy to grow plant. Brinjal plant care is very easy and requies very maintenance if grown in the right condition. The plants with their purple flowers and fruits add beauty to the garden.
Quick Details of Brinjal Plant Care
|Other Common Names||Aubergine, Eggplant, Brinjal|
|Type||Annual/ perennial vegetable plant|
|Maintenance||Low – moderate|
|Light||Bright direct sunlight for at least 6-8 hours.|
|Temperature||Warm climatic conditions|
|Soil||Well draining nutrient rich potting mix|
|Fertilizer||Any organic fertilizer, phosphorous rich fertilizers|
|Habitat||Temperate and Tropical region|
|Toxicity||The fruit can be allergic to few|
|Common Diseases||Flea beetles, powdery mildew, Aphids, spider mites|
|Scientific name||Solanum melongena|
Brinjal Plant Buying Instructions
- Buy healthy seedlings
- Buy the seedlings which do not have any kind of patches on the leaves.
- You can even purchase seeds of Brinjal but buy the seeds of good quality/ brand for better results.
Overview of Brinjal Plant Care
The brinjal plant is an hardy annual or perennial plant grown in tropical and temperate regions. They belong to the Solanaceae family. The fruit is used as a vegetable and is one of the loved vegetables all around the world. The fruits are mostly long, slender or egg shaped and violet in color. Some of the varieties give white fruits as well. The plants flower mostly during the spring -summer season.
The stems have small hairy spines. The leaves are large, with irregular margins. The plants can grow up to a height of 4 feet tall. The fruits are fleshy or spongy in texture with small seeds inside.
The fruits are used as a part of different cuisines all round the world. The fruits are rich in iron, fiber, calcium and has low amount of far.
Usage and Advantage of Brinjal Plant
- The fruit is used as an vegetable.
General Brinjal Plant Care
Brinjal is an easy to grow plant and can be grown in any kind of well draining potting mix. They grow best in a well draining sandy loamy soil with a pH range of 5.8- 6.5 with high organic content.
Water the plants regularly. They require moist soil. Make sure there is no water clogging or excess water as this can cause root rot.
They prefer bright direct sunlight. Place the plants in spots where they can receive bright direct sunlight for at least 6-8 hours a day.
The plants prefer warm conditions with normal humidity. Excess heat or cold can cause stress to the plant and can affect the pollination process and formation of fruits.
Special – Brinjal Plant Care
Brinjal plant care evolves providing just right conditions. They are hardy and do not require much care. Mulch the soil to prevent excess moisture loss from the soil. They are self pollinating plants, it is advised to check for proper pollination taking place. In case of lack of formation of fruits, hand pollinate the flowers.
They are heavy feeders and requires a nutrient rich soil. Lack of enough nourishment can affect the fruit formation. Add a all purpose fertilizer while planting the seedling or the seed. Feed the plants with a diluted liquid fertilizer or 1/4 the suggested amount of fertilizer every alternate week. organic manure or vermicompost can also be added. Avoid overfeeding the plant.
Pests and other problems for Brinjal Plant
Some of the common problems faced by brinjal are:
Alternaria Leaf Spots
It is a fungal disease caused by the pathogen Altrenaria melongenae. The pathogen infects the leaf and produces concentric rings that are irregular in shape. These rings spread and cause the leaves to wilt and dry. They can also infect the fruits causing large deep spots on them The infected fruits can also turn yellow and fall off even before maturing completely.
In case of any signs of infection, remove the infected part of the plant immediately. Use any mild fungicide or neem oil to get rid of the pathogens at the initial stage of the infection.
It is a bacterial disease caused by the pathogen Pseudomonas solanacearum. The infected part of the plant especially the leaves, turn yellow, wilt and die. They can spread quickly to the other parts of the plant leading to the death of the plant. The lower leaves start to wilt first, brown coloration can be seen in the veins of the leaves. In come cases a liquid starts to ooze out from the infected plant part. The drooping leaves may recover by night but the plant will wilt and die.
Remove the infected part of the plant as soon as possible. A mild fungicide or pesticide can be sprayed to control the spread of the disease. Keep the soil clean and the plants safe from pest attack.
It is a physiological disorder caused due to the deficiency in calcium or due to excess nitrogen in the soil. This results in the development of the vegetative part suppressing the growth of the fruit. The fruits develop small water soaked areas that enlarges and turns sunken. The fruits become leathery and heard.
This is one of the problems caused due to over fertilization. Make sure to provide enough nourishment to the plant. Avoid over fertilization.
Little Leaf of Brinjal
It is a viral disease transmitted by an insect Cestius phycitis (Leaf hopper) The infected leaves turns yellow, and starts to reduce in size and looks distorted. The infected plants have stunted growth, with numerous branching than normal plants. The plants are short and bushy. The flowers can also be deformed and hence no fruits are formed.
Remove the infected plants as soon as possible as there is no cure for this viral infection and it spread quickly in the plant and from one plant to another. Spray pesticides or neem oil to keep the vector insects at bay.
Brinjal flower drop
There are multiple following factors which can be a reason for flowers not turning into fruits:
- Lack of nutrients
- Watering issues
- Lack of pollination – How to treat brinjal flower pollination issue
Read more about Brinjal Flower Drop Control
Propagation of Brinjal Plant
It is an easy to grow plant and the propagation in brinjal plants takes place through seeds. The seeds can either be bought directly from the nursery or can be saved from the fruits already growing in the garden. Allow the fruits to stay in the plant till it either gets harder and looses it color or becomes mushy. The seeds can be scooped out washed and dried.
These seeds can be further germinated directly into the soil or into germinating bags or pots containing any organic potting mix till the seedlings start to appear. Water the pots regularly and make sure that they are placed in optimum temperature (around 25-29 degree Celsius). Once the seedling appear, transplant them into bigger pots or directly to the soil.