Pansy Flower Plants with attractive flowers
These Pansy flower plants are easy to grow and adds beauty to the garden. The flowers are available in almost all the colors and bloom all through the year. These plants require very little care and maintenance.
Quick Details of Pansy flower plants
|Other Common Names||Pansy|
|Type||Outdoor/ indoor flowering palnt|
|Flowering||All through the year|
|Light||Partial shade, morning sunlight|
|Water||Water them regularly|
|Temperature||Warm conditions. Cannot tolerate extreme conditions.|
|Soil||Well draining, rich slightly acidic soil|
|Fertilizer||Fertilize ones a month with compost, manure or any balanced fertilizer.|
|Common Diseases||crown and root rot, powdery mildew, aphids|
|Scientific name||Viola tricolor var. hortensis|
Pansy Buying Instructions
- Pansy flower plants comes in multiple varieties. You can buy multiple varieties of plants to decorate your garden.
- Plant multiple plants in one pot to make the look bushy.
Overview of Pansy
These are annual flowering herbaceous flowering plants belonging to the family Violaceae and native to Europe and Asia. The flowers have overlapping petals which are heart shaped and bloom in different colors and patterns. They can be single colored white, purple, blue, orange, white, red or yellow and also in multicolor. They bloom all through the year depending on the species and the climatic conditions.
Some of the common varieties are:
Jolly joker: The flowers are orange in color with purple outline. Mostly bloom during summer
Princess series: Single colored flowers with yellow centre.
Bingo series: Bigger flowers in different colors.
Free fall series: Trailing plants
Cool wave series: Fast growing plants, spreads
Usage and Advantage of Pansy
- Grown as an ornamental plant.
General Care for Pansy flower plants
They prefer humus rich, moist, well draining soil with a slightly acidic pH.
Water them regularly. The pansies thrive when they are watered regularly.
These plants thrive best in partial shade. They cannot tolerate bright direct sunlight during harsh summers. Place the plants in spots where they receive sunlight in the morning but shade in the afternoon.
The best temperature to grow pansies are between 7°C -18°C. They grow best in warmer conditions with moderate humidity. These plants cannot tolerate extreme heat or cold and hence should be protected from both. Place them in shade during summers and transfer the plants indoors during harsh winters.
Remove any infected parts foliage or shoots. Deadhead the flowers to promote more flowering. Mulch the soil to prevent the loss of moisture.
Feed the plants ones in a month with a balanced fertilizer, compost or manure. Excessive feeding can increase the height and results in leggy plants.
Pests and other problems for Pansy
Excess moisture in the soil or plants can attract a number of pathogens causing diseases like root or crown rot, powdery mildew, Downy mildew etc in Pansy flower plants. These can be easily avoided by making sure that the plants are not overwatered or overhead watered. Provide enough space between the plants for proper air circulation. Remove the infected parts of the plants.
In case of attack of pests like aphids, slugs or snails, force spray water or use a mild insecticide or neem oil.
Propagation of Pansy
The propagation of pansy flower plants takes place through seeds. These plants self-seed if the flowers are left to dry and not deadheaded. Propagation through seeds can take time so it is easier to transplant the plants bought from a nursery. The seeds collected from the plants may sometimes give raise to plants that are different from the parent plant. This is because the plants are hybrid.
The best way to plant pansies from seeds are to buy the seeds from a nursery. Sow the seeds in a growing tray, cover it with 1/4 inch soil, water it and cover the tray with a black or dark polybag. Leave the growth tray indoors till the seeds germinate. This can take around 2-3 weeks. Transplant the seedlings outdoors ones the true leaves are formed.