10 Best Winter Flowering Plants in India: Details and Care
Flowers are the best gift of nature and we bring here the best winter flowering plants in India. During the winters, the other plant growth reduces and at this time flowers can be the best choice for your home and garden.
Annuals are the most common type of home gardens in India i.e., those that are grown during a season from seeds, expand, bloom, crop & exhaust themselves. The advantage of these seasonal flowering plants is a vast spectrum of color, size & shape. In less time, they fill the garden or balcony and can be quickly replaced. Annuals may be planted in beds, herbaceous borders, as an edge. Winter is a crucial season in India, and various areas are influenced differently. The climate in the southern states for example, is temperate; the central Indian states are moderate, while the Himalayan states undergo a cooler climate.
Our recommended winter flowering plants in India
Marigold tops the list of winter flowering plants in India. The marigold plants are the easiest to grow. The flowers range in gold, copper, white, purple, green, red and mixed colors. They bloom from mid summer to winter. You will pick the right color and size for your garden or jar.
How to plant and care Marigold:
Get the marigold seedlings, With a trowel, dig a tiny hole and put the sapling in the pot. Gently apply potting soil right over the roots. Marigolds may be grown far closer to the ground in pots. For giant marigolds, make around 3 inches for small varieties and up to 5 inches. Place them in areas where they can receive at least 5-6 hours of sunlight. Any well draining soil can be used. They can grow in any soil type. Water the plants occasionally. The marigold plants keep pests at bay and so can be planted close to vegetable plants to rescue the attack of pests.
Petunias are the most common, most attractive, and most valued breed of garden plants. The flowers are trumpet-shaped and can be small or huge. Due to their multiple-colored flowers, they are used as decorative in the buildings. These plants are super easy to cultivate, and for their seeds to germinate they only need a decent amount of sunlight and well-draining, sandy soil.
How to plant and care for Petunias:
The seeds can be sown when the temperatures are low. These plants grow from 6 inches to 4 feet, making them suitable for hanging baskets and planters. They can be grown in tiny pots as they are low growers. The seeds are very small, so during sowing, one needs to take special caution. Before the seeds and water are sown, prepare the potting mix and allow the pot to drain. On well-drained soil, scatter the seeds and push them down gently. As they need light to germinate, do not cover them with dirt.
Pansies are winter-blooming plants which even in harsh winters, can thrive. Their butterfly-shaped flowers are lovely and are available in many colors. These low growing plants can grow well in a shade, adding to the beauty of your garden. In almost all shades of colors and their variations, the lovely butterfly-like flowers are available & blotched, variegated, marked, stripped in contrasting colors. They survive in the shade of tall plants and trees.
How to plant an care for Pansy:
Starting from seed, pansies can be tricky; buying established plants from a local nursery is much easier and it gets to blooms a lot earlier. Sow pansy seeds indoors if you want to seed. Pansy seeds may be slow to germinate. When soil temperatures are between 7°C and 10°C, they grow best. Plant in soil that is moist, humus-rich, well-drained. In order to thrive, pansies like full or partial sun, but need cooler temperatures. Place the plants between 7 and 12 inches apart. They will spread from 9 to 12 inches and grow to 6 to 9 inches in height. Regularly water pansies. One of the most prevalent reasons pansies fail is because they are not sufficiently watered.
It is a low-growing plant that can spread its flowers like a carpet. Its lovely white hue adds a relaxing touch, and the honey-scent further strengthens the garden’s healing fervor. It is a less demanding plant and can even withstand drought conditions, making it one of the better flowering plants for winter.
How to grow and care Alyssum:
Growing sweet alyssum needs soil with moderate moisture that is well-drained. In certain ways, the plants are tolerant of many kinds of soils and produce a happy tone. Sow the tiny seed on the surface and keep it slightly moist until germination, which usually takes 15 to 20 days. Transplant them into a prepared garden bed when the seedlings have several pairs of true leaves and soil temperatures are at least 16 C degrees. There is little maintenance needed for sweet alyssum plants. Although alyssum is relatively maintenance free, on boggy sites and where insufficient moisture is provided, it will do poorly.
It is one of the few best winter flowering plants growing in the winters of India. The shiny green leaves are deciduous and are connected to the deep green stems. Tiny buttery yellow 5-petaled flowers emerge in early January. As the stems root at the internodes and start new plants, winter jasmine can get a little weedy. Plants can attain heights of 4 to 15 feet (1 to 4.5 m.), but with a bit of trimming they are easy to maintain in shape.
How to grow and care Winter Jasmine:
It is a very small maintenance plant that only needs well-drained soil and full sun. Winter jasmine is a perennial, so when the blooming time is over, you have to fertilize it. Plants, especially in summer, need daily moisture. To preserve moisture and avoid weeds, put mulch around the root zone.
They produce Cheery multi-petal flowers. These plants can withstand colder temperatures, making them perfect for winter planting. These plants’ colorful, rose-like flowers look unreal, certainly highlighting the spaces where they are placed. The flowers boast petal layers and grow up to 30 cm (12 inches) in height. Garden buttercups come in a number of colors, ranging from white, red and gold, to green, yellow and pink.
How to grow and care for Buttercups:
They can be grown from cultivated roots or tubers. For optimum results, growing Ranunculus flowers needs well-drained soil and full sun. Soak the tubers and then plant them at a depth of 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5 cm.), depending on the height of the bulbs, with the roots or fingers pointing downwards. They require a temperature less than 16 C in the day and around 4-6 C during night to sprout and grow.
Sweet Peas make a wonderful addition to your Garden because of their soothing scent and flowers available in different colors. These pea-like annuals grow in several lovely colors and are ideal for a fence, a forest garden, and a trellis or arch. Sweet peas are best with their heads in the sun and their roots deep in cold, damp soil.
How to grow and care for Sweet Peas:
Choose a well-drained site. Alkaline soil is best; if the soil happens to be acidic, sprinkle some powdered lime on the grounds. Prepare the rich soil by mixing in generous quantities of compost and well-rotted manure to a depth of 2 feet. Soak the seeds for 24 hours in water before planting. And before planting, nick the seeds with a nail file to speed the sprouting. Feed a well-balanced fertilizer to these robust vines frequently during their rising and blooming season. Sweet peas hate major variations in soil humidity, so keep the soil of the garden uniformly damp but not soggy. To prolong the flowering period and to discourage plants from going to seed, deadhead blossoms.
Dahlias have beautiful vibrant flowers bloom from midsummer through autumn. In late spring, the tubers are rooted in the field. Dahlias are perennial plants which can bloom nearly all year round. They usually come in varying flower shapes as a garden herb, thriving well in the morning sunshine even in less windy regions. While they can survive the winters, in order to prevent overwintering, these plants need regular maintenance and pruning.
How to grow and care for Dahlia:
Find a site with full sun for planting, they bloom more when they receive sunlight for 5-6 hours during the day. They enjoy the sunshine in the morning most. They prefer rich, well-drained soil with pH levels of 6.5-7.0, mildly acidic. When the plant is 15 inches (38 cm.) tall, pinch back the terminal buds to impose good branching and structure and to improve budding. Provide the plants with plenty of water. Deeply water the plants once or twice a week. In order to prevent the heavy blooms from bending to the ground, big dahlias need a support frame. Fertilize monthly or twice in the growing season with water-soluble fertilizer.
These plants are also known as pinks and have bright and fragrant flowers. Carnations, because of their bright colors and large range, are a common choice for the garden. They come in varieties that are annual, biennial and perennial. Carnations date back to ancient Greece and Roman times, and their family name is Greek for “flower of the gods,”-Dianthus. Large flowered carnations, spray carnations, and dwarf flowered carnations are the three common forms of carnations.
How to grow and care for Carnations:
Care for carnations is easy and less. Carnations should be planted in an area which receives between four and six hours of sunlight a day using well-drained soil. Pick a container with drainage holes in it and fill the container with potting soil about an inch or two (2.5 to 5 cm.) from the surface. The optimum temperature to grow them is around 10- 15 degree Celsius. Sprinkle the seeds over the surface of the soil and gently cover them. Water them ones or twice a week or when the soil is dry.
These starry flowers are annual plants that resemble those of daisies. They come in various sizes and colors and are also able to withstand North Indian winters. In addition, they can withstand maximum sun treatment. In late summer and fall, they add delightful elegance to the garden. Perennial Asters are also known as ‘Michaelmas Daisy’. They are sold in over 600 varieties. Many are less than a foot long, while others are two feet high and look beautiful in vases and other floral arrangements as cut flowers.
How to grow and care for Asters:
Plant them in a pot with well-drained soil. Asters prefer cooler climates, particularly cool night temperatures, with cool, damp summers. Choose a place that has full to partial light. The soil should be damp, but well-drained and loamy. Prior to planting, blend compost into the soil. If you feed them with compost and add general fertilizer once a month. Asters will flood with healthy and colorful blooms. When it comes to keeping the weeds down, mulch is an excellent choice. Water whenever the top soil starts to dry.
Best Winter flowering plants in India list is not over yet, there are many other flower plants which you can grow in winters.