Krishna Kamal: Plants with unique looking pretty flowers

Krishna Kamal: Plants with unique looking pretty flowers
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Image by anncapictures from Pixabay

Krishna Kamal are evergreen climbers produce unique looking beautiful flowers that adds beauty to the garden. They are easy to care and requires very little maintenance. The plants are also said to have medicinal values and the ability of the plants to grow and thrive in pots makes them a great addition to the garden.

Quick Details of Krishna Kamal

Other Common NamesPassion flower, Passion vines
TypeSub tropical flowering climbers
MaintenanceLow
FloweringSummer
LightBright direct sunlight for 4-6 hours a day
WaterDeep watering twice a week
TemperatureWarm climatic conditions
SoilWell draining acidic soil
FertilizerAny organic fertilizer
HabitatSub tropical regions
ToxicityNil
Common DiseasesCucumber mosaic virus, Aphids, Beetles
Scientific name Passiflora incarnata

Krishna kamal Buying Instructions

  • Buy a healthy plant.
  • stem of the plant should be sturdy and strong.

Overview of Krishna kamal

These sub tropical evergreen vines are native to America, Mexico and Southeast Asia. They belong to the family Passifloraceae. These tendril bearing climbers are woody or herbaceous and produces beautiful flowers which are white with pink, purple or blue crown. They have a purple stigma surrounded by a yellow stamen which is surrounded by purple filaments that are held by five sepals of the flower. The corona has a unique arrangement.

These pentamerous flowers produces fruits that are edible. These flowers have religious significance. Each part of the flower signifies something according to Hinduism. The flower has the reference to Mahabharata. The center part portrays the Sudarshan chakra of Krishna, the three threads at the center portrays the holy trinity of Brahma-Vishnu-Mahesh. the petals signify the Pandavas and the filaments represents the Kauravas. In Christianity, the flower represents the sufferings of the Christ when he was crucified . The crown looks similar to the thorn crown that was worn by Christ during crucifixation.

Usage and Advantage of Krishna kamal

  • The tea made from the flowers of Krishna kamal are said to be calming and reduces insomnia.
  • The fruit is edible and consumed and also used in making juice.
  • Can be grown as an ornamental plant.
  • The roots are used in traditional medicine.

General Care for Krishna kamal

Soil

They prefer a well draining sandy nutrient rich slightly acidic soil. Add compost to the soil before planting Krishna kamal plant for better growth.

Water

The plants require proper watering. They cannot survive with underwatering. Deep water the plants twice a week. While watering the plants make sure that the water starts to drain from the bottom drainage hole.

Sunlight

They prefer bright direct sunlight for at least 4-5 hours . They cannot withstand harsh sunlight. so place them in spots where they can receive bright direct sunlight during the day.

Temperature

These subtropical plants require warm climatic conditions to grow. The optimum conditions being between 15-25 degree Celsius. Protect the plant from harsh summers and cold winters.

Special Care

Mulch the soil with a thick layer of organic compost to help in the growth of the plant. Add compost to the soil before placing the plant. Place the plants away from harsh climatic conditions. Prune the plants to promote branching. Pruning can be done during winters. Remove the deadheads to promote growth.

Fertilization

Add an all purpose organic fertilizer ones a month.

Pests and other problems for Krishna kamal

If not grown in proper conditions, krishna kamal can be attacked by various fungal pathogens. Care should be taken to provide them with bright direct sunlight for at least 5 hours a day. Maintain the moisture in the soil and the plant. Prune away dried leaves and any infected leaves for proper aeration and to prevent the spread of the disease. In case of any fungal infection, spray a fungicide or neem oil.

Another commonly seen infection in the plant is the cucumber mosaic virus. This can cause mosaic like variegation in the leaf. The becomes deformed and cause wilting and death. Remove the infected plant and distroy it.

Pests like aphids and beetles can also attack the plant. In case of of mild infestation, manually remove the pests from the plant. Use a mild pesticide or insecticide to get rid of them. Neem oil can also be used.

Propagation of Krishna kamal

The propagation can either take place through cutting, seeds and through layering.

Cutting is the most common and easiest method used in propagation. Take a mature, healthy 6 inch long cutting and dip it in a rooting hormone and plant it in a nutrient rich potting mix. The roots should start to develop within 4-6 weeks.

Seeds can also be used for propagation of Krishna kamal. Soak the seeds in water for 2-3 days before sowing them in a well draining acidic soil. Place the pots in a warm place where they can receive ample amount of sunlight. the seeds should germinate within 3-6 weeks. The seedlings can be transplanted to new pots.

Air layering can also be done to propagate these plants. Select a healthy growing part of the plant and remove the leaves from the top part of the stem and bury the stem in the soil. Water them regularly. The roots will start to develop in few weeks. This can be done late summers.

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