Rhoeo Plants: Low Maintenance house plant with attractive foliage
Image Source: Mokkie / CC BY-SA (Cropped)
They are evergreen plants grown for their attractive foliage. The thick fleshy leaves can survive hot conditions. They are easy to grow and require very little maintenance. They are excellent ground cover for gardens and can grow and spread fast. The white coloured flowers are formed at the centre of the rosette of leaves.
Quick Details of Rhoeo Plants
|Other Common Names||Rhoeo tricolour, Moses in the cradle, Moses in the basket, Boat lily, Oyster plant|
|Flowering||Throughout the year|
|Light||Low to moderate bright indirect sunlight, can tolerate partial indirect light.|
|Water||When the soil is dry. Do not over water.|
|Temperature||Warm humid conditions|
|Soil||Well drained sandy soil|
|Fertilizer||Any liquid houseplant fertilizer|
|Habitat||Mexico, central America|
|Toxicity||Toxic to animals.|
|Common Diseases||Spider mites, yellowing of leaf tips|
|Scientific name||Tradescantia spathacea|
Rhoeo Plants Buying Instructions
- Buy green or colorful leaves plant as per your need.
- Plant should look healthy.
- Damaged and leaves should be minimum
Overview of Rhoeo Plants
They are herbaceous plants belonging to the family Commelinaceae. They have rhizomes from which thick fleshy leaves arise. The leaves are long thick and have a purple tint underside arranged in rosette. They can grow up to an average height of 30 -50 cm and can live up to a life span of 3-4 years. The leaves can be toxic to pets and can cause irritation to skin. They are evergreen perennial plants native to Mexico and central America. These plants are an excellent choice to be grown as a ground cover, as hanging plants and also as an indoor ornamental plant.
Usage and Advantage of Rhoeo Plants
- Grown as an ornamental plant.
- Used for ground cover in landscaping.
General Care for Rhoeo Plants
Soil: They prefer well drained sandy soil. A mixture of sand, peat and garden soil can be best for their growth.
Water: They do not like stagnant water or excess moisture in the soil. The plants can be watered once in three days during summer, ones in a week during the rainy season and ones in 10-15 days during winter. The dryness of the soil should be checked before watering them.
Light: They prefer bright indirect light. The plants can also get adapted to shady regions. The leaves do not get enough colour and the stems become lean when there is no enough light supply
Humidity and temperature: They prefer warm humid conditions. The plants can survive harsh summers but are not adapted to winters. During winters, the plants should be shifted to warmer areas inside the house. The plants can also survive dry air but they thrive best when there Is enough humidity. Spraying the leaves with water can help in maintaining humidity during dry conditions.
Pruning: The plants can be re-potted ones in 2 or 3 years. The older plants can be replaced with younger ones. The mature plants can be transplanted ones in 3 to 4 years and the young ones in a year. The leaves can be wiped off of excess moisture and dust. The dead and yellowing leaves can be removed.
Fertilizer: The plants can be fed with any liquid fertilizer ones or twice a month during spring and summer.
Pests and other problems for Rhoeo Plants
The plants are not prone to many diseases. However, they can be attacked by spider mites. They can be prevented by hose spraying the plant with water. The spider mites do not survive in humid conditions.
Excess of light can cause the leaves to turn yellow. Lack of water causes the stems to stretch.
The tips become yellow or brown when the conditions are too hot or dry or if there is insufficient watering and can droop when the temperature is too low. The leaf base turns brown when the water enters the sockets.
The young leaves become pale and yellow with lack of nutrition.
Propagation of Rhoeo Plants
The propagation can be done through apical cutting, rhizome division and separation of shoots. The apical cutting is done when the plants are overgrown. The upper(apical) portion of the plant can be cut and planted in to the soil.
The division of rhizome can be done during transplantation. The part of the rhizome with a new shoot emergence can be carefully cut and planted separately.
The plants can also be propagated by separating the shoot system with roots. This can be planted and grown as a new plant. These plantlets are present surrounding the parent plant.
The plants can also be propagated by seeds. Viable seeds can be selected and sown in a potting mixture. They are watered regularly to maintain moisture. The seeds germinate in 3-4 weeks.